The program of research builds on a preliminary review of Canadian municipal bylaw legislation
(conducted from June to October 2004 by Tricia Irish), and
includes a detailed comparison of existing municipal legislation in Canada, a review of the literature,
and an analysis of social impacts, costs, legal implications, aesthetic concerns, and comparison with international
jurisdictions. The website includes a presentation by Marshall Soules and Tricia Irish at the Visual Culture Conference, "Image, Icon, Ideology"
held at the Kansas State University, March 10, 2005.
The goal of the research is two-fold: to create a comparative repository of by-law language and
summary of the literature for municipalities writing or revising legislation; and to analyze graffiti
and postering as cultural phenomena revealing issues of class, perceptions of criminality, degrees of
legislative control and orderliness, and concerns over urban aesthetics. Preliminary research and
networking have revealed considerable interest from municipalities struggling with the issue of graffiti
and postering, and it is to this audience that the research is primarily addressed. It is hoped that the
research will contribute to a policy paper on the management of unsanctioned images in Canadian municipalities.
Funding from Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Assistance for Small Universities)
and Malaspina Research Activities Committee have provided support to date for this project.
Copyright 2005© Marshall Soules and Tricia
Irish, Vancouver Island University